Kosta Nikolić, SRBIJA I PLAN LORDA KARINGTONA NA MIROVNOJ KONFERENCIJI U HAGU 1991.
U tekstu se piše o Mirovnoj konferenciji za okončanje rata u Hrvatskoj koju je pokrenula Evropska ekonomska zajednica. Konferencija se održavala u Hagu, pod predsedništvom britanskog diplomate lorda Karingtona. U centru analize jeste njegov plan iz oktobra 1991. koji je državno rukovodstvo Srbije prvo prihvatilo a potom odbacilo na sastanku u Hagu održanom 18. oktobra 1991. godine. Opisuje se i razmimoilaženje između rukovodstava Srbije i Crne Gore povodom tog plana. Tekst je napisan na osnovu relevantnih izvora i memoarske literature.
Kosta Nikolić, SERBIA AND LORD CARRINGTON’S PLAN AT THE PEACE CONFERENCE IN THE HAGUE IN 1991
When in the summer of 1991 it was obvious that the conflict in Croatia would become cataclysmic, it became clear in the international community that not only human rights were violated in Yugoslavia, but that peace and stability were threatened throughout Europe. Not knowing how to solve that problem threatened to disrupt relations in the European Community. Those countries that themselves had problems with regional movements (France, Great Britain and Spain) sought to find a solution that would maintain a somewhat same Yugoslavia, and Germany insisted on quickly recognizing the independence of Slovenia and Croatia as the only solution. The European Economic Community had organized a peace conference chaired by the British diplomat Lord Carrington, who drafted a peace plan in October. The plan was a complex proposal for ending the civil war and the state crisis. The proposal was based on the sovereignty and independence of the republics, former federal units, and their international recognition as states, but also on the possibilities of free associations and ways to protect human rights of national and ethnic groups. There was an adequate international control scheduled for it to be assured. The document pointed out that the status was mostly meant for Serbs. This plan was accepted by the leadership of Serbia at first, and then rejected at a meeting in The Hague held on October 18, 1991. Because of this, there was a rapid dispersal between the leaders of Serbia and Montenegro. It is still not clear as to why Slobodan Milošević accepted, but then rejected the plan. Montenegrin President Momir Bulatović assumes that this was due to a strong opposition to the JNA’s heads, who were even ready for a coup in Serbia and the removal of Milošević. Serbian rejection of Carrington’s original plan significantly helped Croatia with its unenviable position, while at the same time shattering the already shaken international position of Serbia.