Kosta Nikolić, POVLAČENJE JUGOSLOVENSKE NARODNE ARMIJE/VOJSKE JUGOSLAVIJE IZ HRVATSKE 1992.
U tekstu se razmatra povlačenje nekadašnje JNA, odnosno Vojske Jugoslavije sa šireg prostora Dubrovnika, sa ostrva Vis i Lastovo i poluostrva Prevlaka tokom 1992. godine. U prvom planu analize jesu procesi koji su se odvijali posle međunarodnog priznavanja Hrvatske, stvaranja Savezne Republike Jugoslavije i povlačenja njene vojske sa teritorije Hrvatske. Taj proces obeležio je veliki sukob rukovodstava Srbije i Crne Gore oko ratnih ciljeva i ukupne strategije tokom rata iz 1991. godine. Na kraju se opisuje kako je postignut dogovor o povlačenju Vojske Jugoslavije sa Prevlake.
Kosta Nikolić, WITHDRAWAL OF THE YUGOSLAV PEOPLE’S ARMY FROM CROATIA IN 1992
The war in Croatia ended by the beginning of 1992 with the arrival and deployment of United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in three Protected Areas (UNPA). By the terms of the truce, the Yugoslav People’s Army had to withdraw from those zones. This process was completed by the beginning of June 1992. However, the Yugoslav Army still retained smaller units on the islands of Vis and Lastovo, in the wider area of Dubrovnik and on the Prevlaka Peninsula. Those forces were also ordered to withdraw, and further obligation was overtaken by its successor, the Army of the newly founded Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, that was proclaimed on 27 April 1992. While the Yugoslav Army silently withdrew from Vis and Lastovo, the withdrawal process from Prevlaka Peninsula at the border between Montenegro and Croatia, caused a serious conflict between the Serbian and Montenegrin leaderships over war goals and overall strategy of the 1991 war. Momir Bulatović, the President of Montenegro, believed that Prevlaka should remain under Montenegrin control. Since the withdrawal would be taken as acknowledgment that the war against Croatia was unsuccessful. Serbia’s position was that all the requirements of the United Nations Security Council must be met without delay. After complex diplomatic negotiations moderated by Cyrus Vance and Lord David Owen, the initial agreement was reached in Geneva by Dobrica Ćosić, President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and Franjo Tudjman, President of the Republic of Croatia, on 30 September 1992. They agreed on the withdrawal of the Yugoslav Army from Prevlaka and transferring the authorities over the peninsula to the United Nations control. The final agreement came on 20 October 1992, at a new meeting between Ćosić and Tudjman in Geneva. A joint interstate commission was envisaged to consider all security issues in the wider Kotor Bay and area of Dubrovnik that borders with Prevlaka, as well as to establish joint customs control at the border line. On the same day, 20 October, at exactly 8.30 pm, the last troops of the Yugoslav Army, commanded by Colonel Miodrag Miladinović left the Prevlaka Peninsula. All facilities were handed over to United Nations observers for further safekeeping. This act could be marked as the formal end of the war between Serbia and Montenegro and Croatia.