Martina Grahek Ravančić, DJELOVANJE SUDOVA ZA ZAŠTITU NACIONALNE ČASTI HRVATA I SRBA U HRVATSKOJ 1945. GODINE
Članak prikazuje kratko razdoblje tijekom 1945. godine kada je čast Hrvata i Srba u Hrvatskoj došla pod udar pravnih odredbi. Jedan od glavnih ciljeva pri uspostavi nove vlasti na ovim prostorima bilo je normiranje zakonodavnih okvira. Za političku, propagandnu, kulturnu, umjetničku, privrednu i administrativnu suradnju s okupatorom i “domaćim izdajicama” sudili su sudovi za zaštitu nacionalne časti Hrvata i Srba. Njihove presude imale su višestruk značaj i dalekosežne posljedice.
Martina Grahek Ravančić,
THE FUNCTIONING OF THE COURTS FOR THE PROTECTION OF PEOPLE’S HONOUR OF CROATS AND SERBS IN CROATIA IN 1945
Courts for the Protection of People’s Honour of Croats and Serbs were in charge for political, propaganda, cultural, artistic, economic and administrative cooperation with the occupier and “national traitors” and these courts prosecuted defendants in such cases. The Courts were in operation from 24 April 1945, according to the Decision on the protection of the national honor of Croats and Serbs in Croatia, and they worked up to 8 September 1945, when their cases were overtaken by the district people’s courts. Namely, according to the provisions of these courts penalized persons were arrested as perpetrators of acts that were interpreted as an insult of the national honor or if their actions were are directed against fundamental interests of the people and heritage of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (DFJ). According to the aforementioned Decision, the Court was in charge of all the deeds that had been already carried out, but also for deeds that could be executed in future. The procedure at the Court could be started by the Public Prosecutor’s Office, the Department for the protection of the people, Committees for the People’s Liberation or by individuals. Judgments of the Court were immediately enforceable, and were to be delivered to the execution to the relevant authorities. Prescribed penalties for the said alleged acts were loss of national honor (exclusion from public life, the loss of the right to a public office as well as the loss of civil rights), forced labor, partial or complete confiscation of property, or a fine and deportation. During their short work these courts, acting as well as revolutionary courts, brought a series of unfounded judgments, whose consequences were far-reaching for most of the Croats, as well as for other citizens Democratic Federative Croatia. This is best evidenced by the numerous, preserved judgments of these courts.